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Independence Day of world’s greatest democracy

India celebrates its 74th Independence Day on August 15th. The provisions of the Indian Independence Act 1947 were passed by the Parliament of United Kingdom. Independence of the nation coincided with the painful partition in which British India was divided along religious lines into India and Pakistan. The date of power transfer was decided by viceroy, Lord Mountbatten who chose the second anniversary of Japan’s surrender in the Second World War. The viceroys were the representative of the monarch of the United Kingdom, and The Earl Mountbatten of Burma was the last viceroy of British India and the first Governor-General of independent India. On August 15th, 1947, Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India, hoisted the Indian Flag above the Lahori Gate of the Red Fort in Delhi; and ever since then the incumbent Prime Minister raises the flag and addresses the nation which is televised on national television.

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