Breast Cancer Awareness Month
FACTS ABOUT BREAST CANCER
- In 2020, an estimated 276,480 new cases of invasive breast cancer will be diagnosed in women in the U.S.
- 64% of breast cancer cases are diagnosed at a localized stage for which the 5-year survival rate is 99%.
- This year, an estimated 42,170 women will die from breast cancer in the U.S.
- Although rare, men get breast cancer too. In 2020, an estimated 2,620 men will be diagnosed with breast cancer this year in the U.S. and approximately 520 will die.
- 1 in 8 women in the United States will be diagnosed with breast cancer in her lifetime
- Breast cancer is the most common cancer in American women, except for skin cancers.
- There are over 3.5 million breast cancer survivors in the United States.
- On average, every 2 minutes a woman is diagnosed with breast cancer in the United States.(National Breast Cancer Foundation, Inc., 2020)
HOW TO REDUCE THE BREAST CANCER RISK?
- Keep a healthy weight.
- Exercise regularly.
- Don’t drink alcohol, or limit alcoholic drinks.
- If you are on hormone replacement therapy external icon or oral contraceptives external icon (birth control pills), ask your doctor about the risks and find out if it is right for you.
- Breastfeed your children, if possible.
- If you have a family history of breast cancer or inherited changes in your BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes, talk to your doctor about other ways to lower your risk (CDC,2020)
BREAST CANCER SCREENING TESTS
- Breast Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
- Clinical Breast Exam
- Breast Self-Exam (CDC,2020)
GUIDELINES FOR THE EARLY DETECTION OF BREAST CANCER
- Women ages 40 to 44 should have the choice to start annual breast cancer screening with mammograms (x-rays of the breast) if they wish to do so.
- Women age 45 to 54 should get mammograms every year.
- Women 55 and older should switch to mammograms every 2 years, or can continue yearly screening.
- Screening should continue as long as a woman is in good health and is expected to live 10 more years or longer. (American Cancer Society, 2020)
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